Filip Barankiewicz was born in Warsaw, Poland, to Jerzy Barankiewicz, the then first soloist of the Polish National Ballet. In 1995, he graduated from the Roman Turczynowicz State Ballet School, Warsaw and was named the best ballet school graduate in Poland by Fundacja Balet, Szczecin. He also won the first prize of the Polish National Dance Competition in Gdańsk. Still in 1995 he reached the finals of Eurovision Young Dancers and received a scholarship sponsored by the Nurejev Foundation to continue his studies with Marika Besobrasova at the Académie de Dance Classique in Monte Carlo. Having completed his studies, in 1996 Filip joined the Stuttgart Ballet. He was promoted to Demi Soloist in September 2000, to Soloist in September 2001, and Principal Dancer in September 2002.
Filip Barankiewicz performed with awe-inspiring technique and dramatic expression the male leading roles in Onegin and Romeo and Juliet as well as Prince Siegfried in Swan Lake and Petrucchio in The Taming of the Shrew (all: John Cranko), Albrecht in Giselle (Production: Reid Anderson, Valentina Savina), Colas in La Fille mal gardée (Sir Frederik Ashton), Carabosse and Prince Desiré in The Sleeping Beauty (Márcia Haydée after Marius Petipa) and James in La Sylphide (Peter Schaufuss after August Bournonville). His wide-ranging repertoire also includes Lenski in Onegin, Mercutio and Benvolio in Romeo and Juliet, Benno in Swan Lake and Hortensio in The Taming of the Shrew (all: John Cranko), Des Grieux and Gaston in The Lady of the Camellias as well as Allan Gray in A Streetcar named Desire (both: John Neumeier), Basilio in Don Quijote (Maximiliano Guerra), Widow Simone in La fille mal gardée (Sir Frederick Ashton), Gaveston and Warwick in Edward II (David Bintley), the Blue Bird, the Prince of the East and Ali Baba in The Sleeping Beauty (Márcia Haydée after Marius Petipa) as well as the Peasant-Pas de deux in Giselle (Production: Reid Anderson, Valentina Savina).
Filip Barankiewicz has also danced the male leading role in The Song of the Earth (Kenneth MacMillan), Sanguinic in The Four Temperaments, the leading role in Theme and Variations (both: George Balanchine), the First Movement in Initials R.B.M.E. (John Cranko), the Role in Green in Dances at a Gathering (Jerome Robbins), one of the friends and the Pas de deux The Lovers in Gaîté parisienne (Maurice Béjart) as well as solo parts in Serenade, Stravinsky Violin Concerto and Symphony in C (all: George Balanchine), Orma (Mauro Bigonzetti), No More Play and Return to a Strange Land (both: Jiří Kylián), Corps (Hans van Manen), Seventh Symphony (Uwe Scholz) and Le sacre du printemps (Glen Tetley). Furthermore he performed in Brouillards and Jeu de Cartes (both: John Cranko), Ashes (Daniela Kurz), The Song of the Earth (Sir Kenneth MacMillan), Vers un Pays Sage (Jean Christophe Maillot), Now and Then, A Streetcar named Desire (both: John Neumeier), Troy Game (Robert Noth), Dreamdeepdown (Kevin O’Day), Arena and Voluntaries (both: Glen Tetley) as well as in 5 Tangos and Kleines Requiem (both: Hans van Manen) and the solo Les Bourgeois (Ben van Cauwenbergh). At the Stuttgart Ballet’s New Years’ Eve Gala 1998 he performed the Pas de deux The Flame of Paris (Wassili Wainonen). Roles were created especially for Filip Barankiewcz by Christian Spuck in Nocturne, by Wayne McGregor in Nautilus, by Kevin O’Day in Igor Poems, by James Sutherland in (Im)paired Ground and by Marc Spradling in The Shaking Tent.
Filip Barankiewicz joins the Stuttgart Ballet on tours all around the world. Since 2003 he is dancing as a permanent guest at the National Theatre Prague, Czech Republic, where he performed Siegfried in Swan Lake and Petrucchio in The Taming of the Shrew (both: John Cranko). He also danced Petrucchio as a guest at the Ballet do Theatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro, at the Norwegian National Ballet in Oslo and at the Leipzig Ballet. In 2004 he danced the male title role in Romeo and Juliet (John Cranko) as well as Albrecht in Giselle in 2006 as a guest of the Companhia Nacional de Bailado, Lisbon. In 2009 he also danced Romeo at the Vienne State Opera. Filip Barankiewicz has danced with internationally renowned female dancers, amongst them Polina Semionova, Alessandra Ferri and Alina Cojocaru.